Frank Bessem's Musiques d'Afrique

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About this Site and Disclaimer

About this site

Frank Bessem's Musiques d'Afrique is a personal, non-commercial web site intended to spread information about African music and musicians of African origin. Hereto, it is offering a large number of featured artist pages with biographical information and a discography. The objectives of the site are to inform and educate about music from a continent very rich in musical heritage and talent, but less so in production and promotion capacity as well as in exposure to media.

Google Analytics (Google Inc.) 
We use Google Analytics. Google Analytics is a web analysis service provided by Google Inc. (“Google”). Google utilizes the Data collected to track and examine the use of this Application, to prepare reports on its activities and share them with other Google services. Google may use the Data collected to contextualize and personalize the ads of its own advertising network.
Personal Data collected: Cookies and Usage Data. 
Statcounter is an online service which helps us to understand our visitors; for example, how visitors find our website, how long they spend on our site, which web pages they are most interested in etc. We use Statcounter because better understanding how visitors are interacting with our website helps us to improve the content, design and functionality of our site. This allows us to offer a better online experience to our visitors.
Statcounter uses cookies and other technologies to collect data on visitors and visitor activity on our website. This data includes:
* Time and date of visit (this can help us to identify and plan for busy periods on our website)
* IP address (this is a numerical label assigned to a device by an Internet Service Provider to enable the device to access the internet)
* Browser and Operating System (this can help us to make sure that our website functions correctly in the browsers/operating systems used to access our site)
* Device Information e.g. device type and screen size (this can help us to make sure that our website functions correctly in the devices used to access our site)
* Referring Data e.g. a search engine link (this can help us to understand which search engines are helping visitors to find our website)
Furthermore, when you visit our website a Statcounter cookie (called "is_unique") may be placed in your browser. This cookie is used only to determine whether you are a first-time or returning visitor and to estimate unique visits to the site. You can learn more about cookies from Statcounter and set your browser to refuse same here:
set-refusal-cookie. For further details, please see the Statcounter privacy policy the:

Piwik PRO Analytics Suite 
We use Piwik PRO Analytics Suite as our website/app analytics software and consent management tool. We collect data about website visitors based on cookies. The collected information may include a visitor’s IP address, operating system, browser ID, browsing activity and other information. See the scope of data collected by Piwik PRO.
We calculate metrics like bounce rate, page views, sessions and the like to understand how our website/app is used. We may also create visitors’ profiles based on browsing history to analyze visitor behavior, show personalized content and run online campaigns.
We host our solution on Microsoft Azure in Germany/Netherlands/United States/Singapore/ElastX in Sweden, and the data is stored for 14/25 months.
The purpose of data processing: analytics and conversion tracking based on consent. Legal basis: Art. 6 (1)(a) GDPR.
Piwik PRO does not send the data about you to any other sub-processors or third parties and does not use it for its own purposes. For more, read Piwik PRO’s privacy policy.

Name of the site:
Musiques d'Afrique

URL: (under construction)

Site owner:
Frank Bessem
Legal Matters

1.  Frank Bessem's Musiques d'Afrique is a personal, non-commercial web site intended to spread information about African music and musicians of African origin.

2.  Pictures of LP and CD sleeves are reproduced for promotional purposes and in order to enable music lovers to identify and recognise albums so that they can look for them in CD shops. Given the limited size and resolution of the sleeves, they are not intended to be printed out or used for other purposes than mentioned here above, nor to reproduce the artwork and photographs as a way to penalise the rightful owners of this artwork. Nevertheless, if anybody feels that his or her artwork has been used unrightfully, he or she is invited to contact the site owner on
   f b e s s e m [at] y a h o o . c o m.

3.  Frank Bessem's Musiques d'Afrique does not condone illegal copying and downloading of music. The few audio files on this site are for promotional purposes only, and are either short excerpts, or are made available with permission of the artist or the artist's promotor. We encourage our readers to buy legal physical or digital copies of any work.

4.  Links to external sites are given for information purposes, but the site owner of Musiques d'Afrique can take no responsibility for the content, the quality nor the validity of the links and of the web sites to which they link. All external links open in a separate window to show that the content of the external links is not depending on Musiques d'Afrique.

5.  The selection of the artists or bands represented is based on a mix of personal preferences, opportunistic reasons and availablility of information.

6. Copyright of pictures is with the respective artists, copyright of textual content is with Frank Bessem.

19 February 2006 (updated 24 December 2017)

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